Fellow, 74; died 29 February
Gruver, professor emeritus at Simon Fraser University, in Burnaby, B.C., Canada, began his career in 1971 as a researcher at DLR Space Research Center, in Cologne, Germany.
He left DLR to spend a year as senior scientist at the Technical University in Darmstadt, also in Germany. In 1974 he joined North Carolina State University, Raleigh, as an assistant professor of electrical engineering. He cofounded LTI Robotic Systems, in Los Angeles, in 1979 and served as its vice president for three years.
In 1983 he joined General Electric, in Charlotte, N.C., as a product development manager. He left in 1987 to serve as director of the University of Kentucky Center of Robotics and Manufacturing Systems, in Lexington. He became a professor of electrical engineering at Simon Fraser University in 1992 and was named professor emeritus in 2012. During those years, he was also president of Intelligent Robotics Corp., an automation company in Vancouver, B.C.
Gruver was elevated to IEEE Fellow in 1996 “for leadership of major systems engineering programs in robotics and manufacturing automation.” He was 2004–2005 president of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society and served as director of IEEE Division X in 2007 and 2008.
He received a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering in 1963 from the University of Pennsylvania, in Philadelphia. He got a master’s degree from the Imperial College of London in 1966 and went on to earn another master’s degree and a Ph.D., both in EE, from the University of Pennsylvania in 1967 and 1970.
Senior Member, 74; died 5 March
Tomlinson invented network email in 1971 and, in the process, made the @ symbol a fixture in electronic addresses.
He was a researcher at Bolt, Beranek, and Newman, an R&D company in Cambridge, Mass., from 1967 until his death. BBN had developed a program, Sndmsg, that allowed multiple users of the same computer to leave messages for one another. Tomlinson modified the program so that messages could be sent from one computer to another via the ARPANET, the Internet’s predecessor. He added the @ symbol to separate usernames from host addresses.
He tested his messaging system for the first time in 1971, using two side-by-side computers. The content of the first message remains unknown.
Tomlinson went on to play an important role in developing the first email standards, including the now-familiar name, date, and subject headers at the top of every message.
He also developed the TENEX operating system and worked on ARPANET control systems, which provided connectors and data flow control between processes running on connected computers. He helped develop the “three-way handshake,” a transmission control protocol that helps a computer communicate with other machines including printers.
He was a member of the IEEE Communications Society.
Tomlinson received a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering in 1963 from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, in Albany, N.Y., then earned a master’s degree in EE in 1967 from MIT.
Phillip A. Bello
Life Fellow, 86; died 5 March
Bello was an entrepreneur and communications engineer specializing in statistical theory.
He worked for the U.S. Department of Defense from 1959 until 1970, when he was named vice president of Signatron Technology Corp., an electrical engineering firm in Concord, Mass. He left STC in 1972 to found CNR, a defense technology company in Needham, Mass. From 1987 to 1994 and again from 2001 to 2008, he was a researcher for MITRE Corp., a nonprofit systems engineering and information technology research organization in McLean, Va. His most recent work involved encryption ciphers and linear distortion specifications for GPS.
A member of the IEEE Communications Society, he was elevated to IEEE Fellow in 1970 “for contributions to statistical communication theory, particularly in the analysis of time-varying channels.”
Bello earned a bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering in 1953 from Northeastern University, in Boston. He went on to receive master’s and doctoral degrees in EE from MIT in 1955 and 1959.
Former CEO of Intel
Life Fellow, 79; died 21 March
Grove was CEO of Intel from 1987 to 1998. His hard-charging management style helped steer the semiconductor giant through difficult times.
In the early 1960s he joined Fairchild Semiconductor in San Jose, Calif., and he led the research team that developed silicon chips by embedding transistors on silicon wafers. That vastly lowered the cost and extended the application of computers, which had depended on vacuum tubes.
In 1968 he joined Intel, where he served as director of engineering and oversaw production of its microchips. He often required employees to work overtime to meet the demand of producing better and faster chips.
Named president of Intel in 1979, he helped the company turn its focus from memory chips to microprocessors. By the early 1980s, Intel microprocessors powered more than 80 percent of personal computers.
In 1994 the company released millions of flawed Pentium microprocessor chips. After a deluge of complaints from customers and negative attention from the news media, Intel spent US $475 million to replace the defective items. After that, Intel’s brand became as recognizable as Apple’s, Dell’s, and Sony’s—if for the wrong reason. Grove was CEO until 1998, then served as chairman of the board until he retired in 2005.
Apple cofounder Steve Jobs regularly sought his advice. In 1996 Grove published Only the Paranoid Survive (Doubleday), a best-selling book that detailed his management philosophy. Time magazine named him its Man of the Year in 1997 for being “the person most responsible for the amazing growth in the power and the innovative potential of microchips.”
He was elevated to IEEE Fellow in 1971 “for contributions to metal-oxide-silicon devices and engineering education.” IEEE established its Andrew S. Grove Award in 1999, honoring his lifetime achievements. Sponsored by the IEEE Electron Devices Society, the award honors outstanding contributions to solid-state devices and technology. Grove received the 2000 IEEE Medal of Honor, the organization’s highest award, “for pioneering research in characterizing and modeling metal oxide semiconductor devices and technology, and leadership in the development of the modern semiconductor industry.”
A survivor of the Holocaust, Grove moved from Hungary to the United States in the mid-1950s. Throughout most of his life, he was deaf in one ear. He received a bachelor’s degree in chemical engineering from City College of New York in 1960 and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering in 1963 from the University of California, Berkeley.