8: 1993: The U.S. secretary of defense announces that the Global Positioning System is complete. Later known as GPS, the satellite navigation system was accurate to within 100 meters.
9: 1960: Sperry Rand Corp. unveils the Univac 1107, the first electronic computer to use thin-film memory.
14: 1988: TAT-8, the world’s first transatlantic system to use fiber optics begins service between Europe and North America.
17: 1903: The first manned, powered flight of a heavier-than-air airplane takes place when Orville and Wilbur Wright test their machine near Kitty Hawk, N.C.
22: 1968: Astronauts aboard NASA’s Apollo 8 spacecraft transmit the first live telecast from outer space.
1: 1939: Hewlett-Packard is founded by IEEE Fellows Bill Hewlett and David Packard.
6: 1838: In what would become an IEEE Milestone, Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail conduct the first public demonstration of their telegraph system, in Morristown, N.J.
13: 1976: Raymond Kurzweil announces the Kurzweil Reading Machine, the first print-to-speech reading device for the blind.
15: 2001: Wikipedia is launched. Supported by the Wikimedia Foundation and private donations, the free online encyclopedia now has more than 30 million articles in almost 300 languages.
19: 1904: Thomas Edison receives a patent for an electric automobile.
10: 1883: Birth date of computer pioneer Edith Clarke, the first woman to earn a degree in electrical engineering from MIT and the first female Fellow of the AIEE.
16: 1884: Birth date of Alfred C. Gilbert, inventor of the Erector Set [below], a metal construction toy.
21: 1858: Edwin T. Holmes installs the first electromagnetic burglar alarm in the United States, in Boston.
21–23: Region 2 Meeting in Galloway, N.J.
IEEE events indicated in RED.
Photos, from top: NASA; AT&T; Jon Brenneis/Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images; Vecchio/Three Lions/Getty Images